ビジネス

80. Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish. -スティーブ・ジョブス氏 スピーチ 3/3-

スティーブ・ジョブズ氏が2005年6月12日、スタンフォード大学の卒業式で行ったスピーチ原稿の原文。パート3。

本日のテーマは時間について。人生は言うまでもなく有限だ。誰であろうと必ず死はやってくる。誰も逃れられない。1日1日とその時間は少しずつ、確実に近づいている。その時間の本当の貴重さは、死に直面した人のみが感じられるものだろう。

(以下原文、同大リリースより)

My third story is about death.

When I was 17, I read a quote that went something like: “If you live each day as if it was your last, someday you’ll most certainly be right.” It made an impression on me, and since then, for the past 33 years, I have looked in the mirror every morning and asked myself: “If today were the last day of my life, would I want to do what I am about to do today?” And whenever the answer has been “No” for too many days in a row, I know I need to change something.

Remembering that I’ll be dead soon is the most important tool I’ve ever encountered to help me make the big choices in life. Because almost everything ― all external expectations, all pride, all fear of embarrassment or failure – these things just fall away in the face of death, leaving only what is truly important. Remembering that you are going to die is the best way I know to avoid the trap of thinking you have something to lose. You are already naked. There is no reason not to follow your heart.

About a year ago I was diagnosed with cancer. I had a scan at 7:30 in the morning, and it clearly showed a tumor on my pancreas. I didn’t even know what a pancreas was. The doctors told me this was almost certainly a type of cancer that is incurable, and that I should expect to live no longer than three to six months. My doctor advised me to go home and get my affairs in order, which is doctor’s code for prepare to die. It means to try to tell your kids everything you thought you’d have the next 10 years to tell them in just a few months. It means to make sure everything is buttoned up so that it will be as easy as possible for your family. It means to say your goodbyes.

I lived with that diagnosis all day. Later that evening I had a biopsy, where they stuck an endoscope down my throat, through my stomach and into my intestines, put a needle into my pancreas and got a few cells from the tumor. I was sedated, but my wife, who was there, told me that when they viewed the cells under a microscope the doctors started crying because it turned out to be a very rare form of pancreatic cancer that is curable with surgery. I had the surgery and I’m fine now.

This was the closest I’ve been to facing death, and I hope it’s the closest I get for a few more decades. Having lived through it, I can now say this to you with a bit more certainty than when death was a useful but purely intellectual concept:

No one wants to die. Even people who want to go to heaven don’t want to die to get there. And yet death is the destination we all share. No one has ever escaped it. And that is as it should be, because Death is very likely the single best invention of Life. It is Life’s change agent. It clears out the old to make way for the new. Right now the new is you, but someday not too long from now, you will gradually become the old and be cleared away. Sorry to be so dramatic, but it is quite true.

Your time is limited, so don’t waste it living someone else’s life. Don’t be trapped by dogma ―which is living with the results of other people’s thinking. Don’t let the noise of others’ opinions drown out your own inner voice. And most important, have the courage to follow your heart and intuition. They somehow already know what you truly want to become. Everything else is secondary.


(Photo by Pixabay)

When I was young, there was an amazing publication called The Whole Earth Catalog, which was one of the bibles of my generation. It was created by a fellow named Stewart Brand not far from here in Menlo Park, and he brought it to life with his poetic touch. This was in the late 1960’s, before personal computers and desktop publishing, so it was all made with typewriters, scissors, and polaroid cameras. It was sort of like Google in paperback form, 35 years before Google came along: it was idealistic, and overflowing with neat tools and great notions.

Stewart and his team put out several issues of The Whole Earth Catalog, and then when it had run its course, they put out a final issue. It was the mid-1970s, and I was your age. On the back cover of their final issue was a photograph of an early morning country road, the kind you might find yourself hitchhiking on if you were so adventurous. Beneath it were the words: “Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish.” It was their farewell message as they signed off. Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish. And I have always wished that for myself. And now, as you graduate to begin anew, I wish that for you.

Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish.

Thank you all very much.

今日が人生最後の日だったら、今日やる予定のことをやるか?

ジョブスは17歳からこのスピーチまでの33年間、毎朝鏡に向かってある質問を自分自身に問いかけることが習慣になっていた。その答えが『No』である日が何日も続けば、それは何かを変える時と判断した。

『今日が人生最後の日だったら、今日やる予定のことをやるか?』

ジョブスは膵臓癌になったことがある。ある日の午前7:30、ジョブスは膵臓癌と診断された。余命は3-6ヶ月。時間はない。家に帰って死ぬまでの準備をするよう医者から勧められた。

しかしその日の夕方、生体検査によって手術で治療可能な癌であると診断された。その手術を経て、このスピーチの場に立っている。ジョブスはこの日の朝から夕方まで自分の死と向き合い、受け入れようとしたはずだ。

ここで本当の時間の価値を知ったことだろう。

私自身、自分は時間を大切にしている方だとは思うが、実際に死に直面しないと本当の意味で毎日の時間をいかに大事に過ごすべきか分からない。

ジョブスは言った。

『人生は有限だ。自分の内からの声に耳を傾け、本当に自分のやりたいことをやりなさい。死を前にすれば、恥やプライド、恐怖などは意味を為さない。他人の時間を生きている暇はない。自分の時間を生きろ。最も大事なのは自分の心と直感に勇気を持って従うことだ。』

Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish.

最後はスピーチを締めた言葉。この言葉は世界中に知れ渡っている。

『Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish. 』

直訳すれば、『空腹でい続けろ。馬鹿でい続けろ。』だが、これでは考えが浅はかすぎる。

この言葉を通じて、いつになっても貪欲であれ、考えすぎず何でも挑戦していけ。』ということを言いたかったのだと私は解釈している。

ジョブスはこの8分間のスピーチを通じて、人生において大切なことを私たちに伝えてくれた。12年前のスピーチになるが内容は色あせるどころか、濃さを増しているように感じられる。

この内容を大切に心に刻んでおきたいと思う。

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