English

#332. 動名詞の復習

書きなぐりノート

動名詞は動詞にingをつけることで名詞化したもの。
名詞としての機能を果たすので
1. 主語
2. 補語
3. 他動詞の目的語
4. 前置詞の目的語 withoutも前置詞。withの対義語
としての役割を果たすことができる。

意味上の主語、否定語は動名詞の直前に置く
Is there any chance of you lending money to me?
*youは動名詞の意味上の主語。you が me にお金を貸す。
*んん?forじゃないのか?と勘違いしないこと。

I want to insist that he should return the money to me.
I want to insist on him returning the money to me.

I’m sorry for not being able to cooperate with you fully.

I’m certain that my sun will pass the exam.
I’m sure of my sun passing the exam.

I don’t like being treated (looked after) as if I were a child.

The circumstances surrounding young people is hard.
surroundingは現在分詞

There is no doing
〜できない
There is no denying the involvement in the crime.
criminalは形容詞でもあり、犯罪者という意味もある

I’m proud of him having passed the exam.
I’m sure(certain) of my sun passing the entrance exam.

SVのV時制よりも前のことを前置詞+動名詞で表現する場合、
having 過去分詞となる

be being done
I appreciate the situation of having been scold seriously.
*appreciateとscoldの時制には差があるので、havingで穴埋め。

1. 動名詞のみ目的語に取る他動詞 hope doing, finish doing
2. to不定詞のみ目的語に取る他動詞 decide to
3. 両方取れる他動詞 continue, start, love
4. 両方取れるが、意味が異なる他動詞 remenber, stop, forget, regret
が存在する。

after having her baby
この表現は状態動詞の動名詞化
状態動詞は原則進行形にはしないが、動名詞にはできる。

*進行形と動名詞は異なる

worth doing
It’s worth driving for three hours. 形容詞のworth. be busy doingと同じだな
worth
形容詞
名詞
It has a worth of three-hour driving.

mind doing
Would you mind taking out the garbage?

Would you mind if I sit here?

The window need cleaning.

I regret that I didn’t work hard.
I regret not having worked hard.
regret
forget
remember
はthatも取れるし、to不定詞(未完)、doing(完了)も表現できる

tryもto不定詞とdoingで意味が変わる
to不定詞は未完 
doingは完了*not having 過去分詞で未完を表現できる

need doing
Is there any dish needs washing.
*以外にもto be washedにならない

The bill needs to be paid by tomorrow.
billは請求書

stop to do 〜するために止まる
stop doing 〜することをやめる

be used to doing
be accustomed to doing
used to do
would often
be looking forward to doing
need doing

summer break
spring break
winter break
talk about
think about/of

A love worth dying for
worthは形容詞

be anxious to do = want to do
be anxious about = worry about worryは自動詞
stop O from doing = keep O from doing

newest
mean to do = intend to do = plan to do
lame = outdated = old-fashioned
What type of girls do you like?
I can’t hold back = I can’t hide it
We are alike
a love worth dying for
outfit
bump into = collide
tuning
I haven’y seen her for a while
In a good way?
hilarious = positive
mess it up = negate = make sth not work
crap = silly = stupid
No one better than her
I wonder why
It’s my biggest regret
declare =state = announce
self-generated
refreshing
whole body
rehearsal
I’m run out of battery
You can leave her to me.
put off = postpone
supportive
The earth will be inhabitable in 200 years.
tied doen
at most
I feel bad for him
monologue
understandable
unstoppable
unbeatable
Don’t scare me.
plan B
back-up plan
we can wait a bit
about to burst
I’m relieved
bound to happen
here and there
step ahead
resonate
reach out
without a bout
without an exception
I didn’t ask further
albiet = although
What made you decide?
Don’t leave me behind
You are understanding
barefoot
Good luck to you
It’s been a while
Don’t beat me.
What if SV
It’s coming to you
It looks nice. SVC
Don’t yell at me
hang out
look forward
look back
I want to stay with you
intimacy
popped-up
I want to repair the relationship. =fix
Let’s fix the time
I have strong feeling
It turning red one by one
It makes me feel better
I got drunk
It’s tough on me
I’m in a good mood
It will be rewarded
Let’s move on
recognition
I’m levelled
Don’t scarce me
Take things slow
You should not say “No” unless you try
When is the most enjoyable moment in your life?
Gentlemen never tell
What’s going on?
I mean to do = I intend to do
accordingly
I’m off
Wait a second
I’m embarrassed
foot-feet
go back and forth
forever
I wanted to bring you here
You are going to far
loud
slow down
I want take them out
what if SV
revived
melt
Could you load this?
I’m in a good mood
go too far
skip class
head back
head home
We are on the same page
He is considerate
What were you supposed to do?
I’m at myself
I’m fed up with it
dig in
I can help out with you
I made it on time
I was born and raised in Japan
luscious
She regards me as a burden
gaze at
side kick
I need to socialise with my colleagues
He is fluent in English
I’m grad you did
Everything is gonna be fine
It’s important to speak English out loud
out loudI want to pursue my career
Can you hear me?
I can come in ten mins
miss out
I’m off to school
take into consideration
He is a promising player
head out then
peel the skin
I didn’t mean to say
It was a mess 最悪
in a bit
released the album
originally
originate from
what the hell
I’m running late
I’ll think about it next time
waterproof
I feel lonely
straight out = directly
get into it
It’s comfort to me
runner-up
What’s your background?
for a bit
the day before you left
proactive = positive

記事が気に入ったら
Kobatripを "いいね!"
Facebookで更新情報をお届け。

Kobatrip | コバトリップ

関連記事

  1. English

    #244. 英語シャワーで脳のプログラムを書き換える

    としを重ねるごとに、新しい言葉を覚えることがむずかしくなると言われてい…

  2. English

    #327. 否定語の復習

    否定語を置く位置助動詞 not doI could not…

  3. English

    #314. 記憶の整理

    If it stops rainingIf it stop to …

  4. English

    #324. 接続詞の復習

    書きなぐりノート等位接続詞and, but, or…

  5. English

    #51. NZの小学生はどのように発音を習っているのか?1/3

    本日はWorld Baseball Classicの準決勝の日本vsア…

  6. English

    128. 継続すること自体に価値がある。

    同じことをしていても、毎日継続していると「ポイント意識」が変わってくる…

エラー: Invalid or expired token.
  1. IELTS

    #47. IELTSライティングTask1 【その他パターン】 5/5
  2. ライフ

    #292. みんなと違うことが正解となる時代
  3. ビジネス

    161. 大切なことに気づくため、敢えて捨ててみることも必要なのではないだろうか…
  4. IELTS

    #15. IELTSライティングTask2 【結論】 3/4
  5. ビジネス

    #209. 時間を節約したければ、土器を作れ!!
PAGE TOP